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Enter your email address below and we will send you your username. Lorimer, Hayden. First progress report dedicated to the implications of non-representational theory for research in cultural geography. Accessible for undergraduates and those new to non-representational theory. Contributed to broader uptake of non-representational theory by suggesting the alternative and less confrontational title more-than representational theory. Further reviews the development of non-representational theory.
Provides an accessible overview of debates related to affect emerging from non-representational theory. Also discusses work on embodiment and the body in terms of engagements with temporality and rhythm. Thrift, Nigel.
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Spatial Formations. London: SAGE, The introductory chapter to this book provides one of the first outlines of non-representational theory in human geography. While dense with references to social theory and philosophy, this introduction and the rest of the text provides an extensive outline of how space is made and remade through practice. Non-representational Theory: Space, Politics, Affect.
New York: Routledge, This text collects many of Thrifts key pieces on non-representational theory. While most chapters are available elsewhere, the original introduction provides a reintroduction to non-representational theory based on ten years of development and debate and the concluding chapter presents new reflections on the politics of affect. Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content on this page.
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I therefore turn to two strands of work, one that directly revalues the biological, the other that calls on ethological models and analogies. Using these different but connected strands of work, I am able to move to such a diagnosis. My argument is that a series of affective technologies that were previously used mainly in the corporate sphere to work on consumer anxiety, obsession and compulsion are now being moved over into the political sphere with mainly deleterious consequences.
The establishment of distributed cognition devices, intended to organize real life experiments as preferences, tends to blur habitual distinctions between production, distribution and consumption. Callon et al. It arrives when everything is ready. After all, capitalism is not a fixed and unforgiving force.
Rather, it is a heterogeneous and continually dynamic process of increasingly global connection — often made through awkward and makeshift links — and those links can be surprising, not least because they often produce unexpected spatial formations which can themselves have force Amin ; Bayart ; Moore ; Tsing Conforming to the premise that there is an urgent necessity to anticipate the transformation and command strategies of capital,1 I want to argue that it is possible to detect a series of novel practices emerging which are likely to have 30 Part I interesting consequences over the long term, both economically and culturally.
The juxtaposition is increasingly bizarre. Thus, one direction is towards increasing exploitation of large parts of the world through what Marx called primitive accumulation Harvey ; Retort It is clear that a considerable area of the globe is being ravaged by force, dispossession and enclosure as part of a search for mass commodities like oil, gas, gems and timber, using all of the usual suspects: guns, barbed wire and the law.
The other direction, which I will be concentrating on in this chapter, is to try to squeeze every last drop of value out of the system by increasing the rate of innovation and invention through the acceleration of connective mutation. These machines act as interfaces that can change perception. At the same time, they function as a means of boosting difference and inserting that difference into the cycles of production and reproduction of capitalism.
The politicization of work that is the subsumption into the sphere of labor of what had hitherto belonged to political action occurs precisely when thought becomes the primary source of the production of wealth. In other words, value increasingly arises not from what is but from what is not yet but can potentially become, that is from the pull of the future, and from the new distributions of the sensible that can arise from that change. This is hardly a novel stance.
After all, labour-power incorporates potential, that which is not current, not present, and this has a pragmatic dimension: Where something which exists only as possibility is sold, this something is not separable from the living person of the seller. The living body of the worker is the substratum of that labour-power which, in itself, has no independent existence. Virno 82 What, I think, is startling currently is the rate of onset of these different but related tendencies and the way that they are now bearing out many of what may have considered to have been premature general theoretical claims and prognostications.
The world becomes a continuous and inexhaustible process of emergence of inventions which goes beyond slavish accumulation. In ending this extended introduction, I want to make two main points. First, it can be objected that I am caught up in practices instituted in the corporate aeries of the world by the cultural circuit of capital which ignore the vast bulk of global capitalism and most especially the workaday world.
They are the practices of ideologues and visionaries which are, in many cases, not far removed from simple hucksterism. Second, it may be objected that these are arguments without much in the way of empirical foundation. It is true that this chapter is in part speculative, both in its object and in how it proceeds, but that is not to say that it has no evidence base. The chapter is therefore based on three main stimuli.
Another is the mining of a very large range of secondary sources that have proved appropriate. Finally, then, this chapter is a work of synthesis, but it is one based on close observation of some particular key arenas of practice. The chapter is therefore in three parts. These developments should not be seen as extending everywhere but they are, I think, indicative. The third development has involved the active engineering of the space of innovation, the result especially of an emphasis on communities of knowledge.
Informed by the profusion of information technology and by attempts to construct more intellectually productive environments, especially through the construction of built forms that would hasten and concentrate interaction, this stream of thought and practice has transmuted into a more general concern with social engineering of groups, thereby learning how to combine information technology, built form and group formation in ways that really will deliver the goods. Taken together, these three developments have also foregrounded the absolute importance of design.
Innovation can turn up anywhere and is no longer necessarily restricted to particular niches in the division of labour. But it seems to me that these accounts, which were almost certainly premature and which were allowed much too great a generality, are now starting to take on real weight. But what is this weight? Kern But I hope to be able to convince the reader that it is not only relevant but has genuine analytical grip.
I want to argue that some notion of efficacy is crucial to any understanding of modern economies for which innovation is such a crucial engine and value, for what I want to broach is what counts as our understanding of the operativity of the economy — including how it goes about the business of innovation — and I want to argue that increasingly this is dependent upon representing and tapping in to a certain kind of value, one that is different from what has come before.
Space, Politics, Affect, 1st Edition
They do not seem quite right to me in that they imply a kind of trawling for the new rather than the continuous process of interaction that now seems to be becoming characteristic. In the third and concluding part of the chapter, I draw some brief conclusions. These are concerned with the procedural, political and theoretical implications of these developments.
To summarize, my intention in this chapter is to try to tease out some of the underlying elements of a forthcoming processed world as it becomes operational5 and then to consider some of the consequences that are arising from its inception.
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A forthcoming epistemic ecology For some time, Western capitalism has been suffering from a crisis of profits. Although the addition into the world economy of new economic powerhouses like parts of China and parts of India certainly muddies the waters. What evidence there is suggests that, over a considerable period of time, Western capitalism has been in a long-term downturn following on from the post-war boom, based on overcapacity and overproduction.
Episodes like the stock-market Keynesianism of the telecommunications, media and information technology boom from to did nothing to dispel this secular tendency, while investment in information and communications technology — one mooted saviour — has until recently produced at least questionable returns. But, against this dour background, there have been numerous efforts to alight on new business models that will soak up overproduction and overcapacity, most especially by either engaging more closely with consumers or boosting the rate of Re-inventing invention 35 innovation.
Most of these models have ended up producing ambiguous results in aggregate, partly for minor but important reasons for example, managers can have very different understandings of what constitutes innovation Storey and Salaman and partly because this kind of cultural engineering is not easy to do and has required constant experimentation to be made effective.
But I think that this is now changing. What might be regarded as a set of new fuel sources for capitalism are coming together as a powerful system, new sources of energy that capitalism can tap Mitchell This cultural model of economic change is, not surprisingly, based on and in the continuous interactivity of the media Manovich The effect of this streaming ethos is, or so I will argue, to begin to restructure what counts as production and consumption and market and innovation so as to bring consumption closer to hand.
Activating forethought It is by logic that we prove.